Diabetes is a chronic condition where your body is unable to produce or respond to insulin resulting in high blood sugar levels.
Symptoms are difficult to detect in elderly people because they are often misinterpreted as normal signs of aging. This means that many elderly people remain undiagnosed which can lead to serious health problems such as kidney damage, eye damage and increased risk of a stroke or heart attack.
Insulin is a hormone that allows the sugar in your blood to enter the cells of your body to be used for energy.
Without this hormone your body does not receive enough sugar which can result in hypoglycaemic shock, however, too much of this hormones means your body absorbs too much sugar which can produce the same reaction.
There are two types of diabetes; type one diabetes is usually diagnosed during childhood while type two diabetes is diagnosed in adults. If you are over the age of 45 then you could be at risk of developing type two diabetes.
Here are some helpful tips on the risk factors and symptoms of diabetes.
Diabetes can occur if you are:
• Over 45 years old and have high blood pressure
• Over 45 years old and are overweight
• Over 45 and have one or more family members with diabetes
• Over 55 years old
• Have heart disease
• Have had a heart attack in the past
• Have had high blood sugar levels during pregnancy
Some symptoms of type two diabetes:
• Excessive urination
• Feeling thirsty all the time
• Tired and lethargic
If you have been diagnosed with diabetes you can manage your condition effectively by consulting with your doctor. You can also help manage your condition by not smoking, losing weight and maintaining a healthy diet and exercise routine.